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What is HTML?

HTML stands for "Hypertext Markup Language." It is the standard markup language for creating and structuring web pages and web applications. HTML utilizes tags to define elements on a web page, such as headings, paragraphs, images, links, and more. Web browsers interpret HTML code to render the visual presentation of a page, incorporating text, images, and multimedia elements. HTML forms the backbone of the World Wide Web and serves as a fundamental building block for creating content and interactivity on websites. HTML files commonly use the ".html" file extension. The MIME type for HTML is "text/html."

HTML Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>My First Web Page</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>Hello, World!</h1>
    <p>This is a sample HTML page.</p>
  </body>
</html>

Advantages of Using HTML:

Standardization: HTML provides a standardized way to structure and present content on the web, ensuring consistency across different browsers.
Accessibility: HTML supports the creation of accessible content, making it possible for users with disabilities to navigate and understand web pages.
Interactivity: HTML, combined with CSS and JavaScript, enables the development of interactive and dynamic web pages.
Global Compatibility: HTML is universally supported by web browsers, making it a versatile and widely adopted technology.

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Explore more about HTML on Wikipedia.